Alpine Research Station Furka (ALPFOR)       

The Furka Pass is one of the floristically richest parts of the Alps. On an area of 1x1 km around the pass, the alpine flora comprises ca 260 species of flowering plants, which is half of the total number of alpine plant species in the Swiss Alps. This high biodiversity is explained by the topographic diversity and the influence of calcareous substrate. The two greatest areal fractions of the vegetation are alpine grassland dominated by Carex curvula and open fell field/rock vegetation.
However the Furka area shows a large number of peculiar habitat types which strongly contribute to the overall species diversity. There are wet and very dry microhabitats (cotton grass - Eriophorum sp, and succulents - Sempervivum sp), nutritionally extremely poor and extremely rich places (even natural meadows with tall lillis), a granitic flora in close proximity to a purely calcareous flora. Visit ALPFOR photo galery.
Saxifraga oppositifolia, Saxifragaceae Saxifraga muscoides, Saxifragaceae Saxifraga biflora, Saxifragaceae
Loiseleuria procumbens, Ericaceae Dryas octopetala, Rosaceae Silene excapa, Caryophyllaceae
Ranunculus glacialis, Saxifragaceae Ranunculus alpestris, Ranunculaceae Ranunculus küpferi, Ranunculaceae
Gentiana verna, Gentianaceae Dracocephalum ruyschiana, Lamiaceae Phyteum hemisphaericum, Campanulaceae
Viola calcarata, Violaceae Gentiana purpurea, Gentianaceae Aster alpinus, Asteraceae
Pedicularis verticillata, Scrophulariaceae Trifolium alpinum, Fabaceae Lilium martagon, Liliaceae
Campanula thyrsoides, Campanulaceae Gentiana punctata, Gentianaceae Nigritella nigra, Orchidaceae
Carex curvula, Cyperaceae Eriophorum scheuchzeri, Cyperaceae Festuca violaceae, Poaceae
Adenostyles alliariae, Asteracae Polygonum viviparum, Polygonaceae Alnus viridis, Betulaceae